And the strong and mighty Alcinous led the way to the place of assembly of the Phaeacians, which was builded for them hard by their ships. The next day, Alcinous calls an assembly of his Phaeacian counselors. Most people figure he's dead. But now let us go forth, and make trial of all manner of games, that yon stranger may tell his friends, when he returns home, how far we excel other men in boxing and wrestling and leaping and in speed of foot.”. The Odyssey: Book 8 2. Though Hephaestus is similarly cunning, his physical weakness disqualifies him from glory, so the gods laugh at him instead of praising him. The Odyssey: Epithets. But ye shall see where these two have gone up into my bed and sleep together in love; and I am troubled at the sight. Go now thyself and challenge him, and make known thy word.” Now when the good son of Alcinous heard this he came and took his stand in the midst and spoke to Odysseus: “Come, Sir stranger, do thou, too, make trial of the contests, if thou knowest any; and it must be that thou knowest contests, for there is no greater glory for a man so long as he lives than that which he achieves by his own hands and his feet. STUDY. Or was it haply some comrade dear to thy heart, some good, true man? But he can't tolerate an insult: his desire for glory, and its accompanying intolerance to shame, overtake his prudent desire to hide his identity.  This song the famous minstrel sang. Book 8. For he is my host, and who would quarrel with one that entertains him? English. There rose Acroneus, and Ocyalus, and Elatreus, and Nauteus, and Prymneus, and Anchialus, and Eretmeus, and Ponteus, and Proreus, Thoon and Anabesineus, and Amphialus, son of Polyneus, son of Tecton; and up rose also Euryalus, the peer of man-destroying Ares, the son of Naubolus, who in comeliness and form was the best of all the Phaeacians after peerless Laodamas; and up rose the three sons of noble Alcinous, Laodamas, and Halius, and godlike Clytoneus. THE ODYSSEY BOOK 8, TRANSLATED BY A. T. MURRAY. Only Philoctetes excelled me with the bow in the land of the Trojans, when we Achaeans shot. Book 8 King Alcinous throws a great feast for Odysseus, who has not yet revealed his identity. 342 times. Thy journey shall no more be long delayed, nay, even now thy ship is launched and the crew is ready.”,  Then Odysseus of many wiles answered him, and said: “Laodamas, why do ye mock me with this challenge? And the strong and mighty Alcinous led the way to the place of assembly of the Phaeacians, which was builded for them hard by their ships. Argument. The Odyssey (/ Ë É d É s i /; Greek: á½Î´ÏÏÏÎµÎ¹Î±, Odýsseia; Attic Greek: [o.dýs.sej.ja]) is one of two major ancient Greek epic poems attributed to Homer.It is one of the oldest extant works of literature still read by contemporary audiences. Book 4. For among all men that are upon the earth minstrels win honor and reverence, for that the Muse has taught them the paths of song, and loves the tribe of minstrels.”,  So he spoke, and the herald bore the portion and placed it in the hands of the lord Demodocus, and he took it and was glad at heart. English. Then to the herald said Odysseus of many wiles, cutting off a portion of the chine of a white-tusked boar, whereof yet more was left, and there was rich fat on either side: “Herald, take and give this portion to Demodocus, that he may eat, and I will greet him, despite my grief.  "But come, now, tell me this and declare it truly: whither thou hast wandered and to what countries of men thou hast come; tell me of the people and of their well-built cities, both of those who are cruel and wild and unjust, and of those who love strangers and fear the gods in their thoughts. Homer 8th Century BCE. This annoted edition of Books VI-VIII of The Odyssey includes the Greek text, a concise but useful introduction, and extremely detailed notes summarizing much earlier scholarship. Now when they were assembled and met together, Alcinous addressed their assembly and spoke among them: “Hearken to me, leaders and counsellors of the Phaeacians, that I may speak what the heart in my breast bids me. And Ares came into the house and clasped her hand and spoke and addressed her: “Come, love, let us to bed and take our joy, couched together.  And no blind watch did Ares of the golden rein keep, when he saw Hephaestus, famed for his handicraft, departing, but he went his way to the house of famous Hephaestus, eager for the love of Cytherea of the fair crown. The Odyssey Book 8. Learn.  And straightway he spoke among the Phaeacians, lovers of the oar: “Hear me, leaders and counsellors of the Phaeacians, and let Demodocus now check his clear-toned lyre, for in no wise to all alike does he give pleasure with this song. Book 18. Now when the handmaids had bathed him and anointed him with oil, and had cast about him a fair cloak and a tunic, he came forth from the bath, and went to join the men at their wine. roaming up and down the streets disguised as Alcinous' herardl to muster people to come to the palace and meet the stranger. 8.3 Odysseus, raider of cities. King Alcinous and Queen Arete rule the seafaring Phaeacians on the island of Scheria.  Then Alcinous bade Halius and Laodamas dance alone, for no one could vie with them. Edit. Book 8 was a lot of fun to read! 2. Ever since we began to sup and the divine minstrel was moved to sing, from that time yon stranger has never ceased from sorrowful lamentation; surely, methinks, grief has encompassed his heart. And the strong and mighty Alcinous led the way to the place of assembly of the Phaeacians, which was builded for them hard by their ships. These they flayed and dressed, and made ready a goodly feast. For there is no one of all mankind who is nameless, be he base man or noble, when once he has been born, but parents bestow names on all when they give them birth. And he sang how the sons of the Achaeans poured forth from the horse and, leaving their hollow ambush, sacked the city. ODYSSEY . So from Odysseus' eyes ran tears of heartbreak now" (8.586-597) (Simile) When Odysseus hears Alcinous' bard sing of the Trojan War, the agony of his tears is conveyed to the audience by analogy to a woman who, like Odysseus, has lost extremely close loved ones to â¦ The Odyssey, Books 1-8 . Nausicaa is a classic nubile beauty and seems somewhat attracted to the wayfaring stranger. Lame though he is, he has caught him by craft, wherefore Ares owes the fine of the adulterer.”,  Thus they spoke to one another. Alcinoös commands that a grand feast be held to honor Odysseus. To each man's side she came, and spoke and said: “Hither now, leaders and counsellors of the Phaeacians, come to the place of assembly, that you may learn of the stranger who has newly come to the palace of wise Alcinous after his wanderings over the sea, and in form is like unto the immortals.”,  So saying she roused the spirit and heart of each man, and speedily the place of assembly and the seats were filled with men that gathered. Book 8. Thither they came and sat down on the polished stones close by one another; and Pallas Athena went throughout the city, in the likeness of the herald of wise Alcinous, devising a return for great-hearted Odysseus. In build, surely, he is no mean man, in thighs and calves, and in his two arms above, his stout neck, and his great might. For one man is inferior in comeliness, but the god sets a crown of beauty upon his words, and men look upon him with delight, and he speaks on unfalteringly with sweet modesty, and is conspicuous among the gathered people, and as he goes through the city men gaze upon him as upon a god. Definitely the most fun I've had in the Odyssey so far. Summary. “Would not have made it through AP Literature without the printable PDFs. How could I put thee in bonds among the immortal gods, if Ares should avoid both the debt and the bonds and depart?” Then again Poseidon, the earth-shaker, answered him: “Hephaestus, even if Ares shall avoid the debt and flee away, I will myself pay thee this.”,  Then the famous god of the two strong arms answered him: “It may not be that I should say thee nay, nor were it seemly.”.  This song the famous minstrel sang; but Odysseus grasped his great purple cloak with his stout hands, and drew it down over his head, and hid his comely face; for he had shame of the Phaeacians as he let fall tears from beneath his eyebrows. Book 6. Everyone goes to the meeting grounds, where the strongest and most talented men get ready to compete. But come now, all ye that are the best dancers of the Phaeacians, make sport, that the stranger may tell his friends on reaching home how far we surpass others in seamanship and in fleetness of foot, and in the dance and in song. I will give him this sword, all of bronze, whereon is a hilt of silver, and a scabbard of new-sawn ivory is wrought about it; and it shall be to him a thing of great worth.”,  So saying, he put into his hands the silver-studded sword, and spoke, and addressed him with winged words: “Hail, Sir stranger; but if any word has been spoken that was harsh, may the storm-winds straightway snatch it and bear it away. (including. For we are not faultless boxers or wrestlers, but in the foot race we run swiftly, and we are the best seamen; and ever to us is the banquet dear, and the lyre, and the dance, and changes of raiment, and warm baths, and the couch. And when they had taken in their hands the beautiful ball of purple, which wise Polybus had made for them, the one would lean backward and toss it toward the shadowy clouds, and the other would leap up from the earth and skilfully catch it before his feet touched the ground again. Flashcards. Book 7. 3 years ago. Click to copy Summary.  But the minstrel struck the chords in prelude to his sweet lay and sang of the love of Ares and Aphrodite of the fair crown, how first they lay together in the house of Hephaestus secretly; and Ares gave her many gifts, and shamed the bed of the lord Hephaestus. Recent site activity. The Odyssey: Book 8 Summary & Analysis Next. Then they made trial of toilsome wrestling, and here in turn Euryalus excelled all the princes. And thus would one speak, with a glance at his neighbor: “Ill deeds thrive not. The story of Hephaestus and Ares is a variant on the parable of the weak outwitting the strong: though Hephaestus is crippled, he traps the mighty god of war. And for thyself, may the gods grant thee to see thy wife, and to come to thy native land, for long time hast thou been suffering woes far from thy friends.”,  And Odysseus of many wiles answered him: “All hail to thee, too, friend; and may the gods grant thee happiness, and mayest thou never hereafter miss this sword which thou hast given me, making amends with gentle speech.”,  He spoke, and about his shoulders hung the silver-studded sword. Lo, for the sake of the honored stranger all these things have been made ready, his sending and the gifts of friendship which we give him of our love. By: Kat Clum Discussion Question 1 Book eight of The Odyssey shows that Odysseus cannot handle the grief of hearing about his own friends dying Alcinous calls a council, in which it is resolved to transport Ulysses into his country.  So he spoke, and the minstrel, moved by the god, began, and let his song be heard, taking up the tale where the Argives had embarked on their benched ships and were sailing away, after casting fire on their huts, while those others led by glorious Odysseus were now sitting in the place of assembly of the Trojans, hidden in the horse; for the Trojans had themselves dragged it to the citadel.  As soon as early Dawn appeared, the rosy-fingered, the strong and mighty Alcinous rose from his couch, and up rose also Zeus-born Odysseus, the sacker of cities. Of the others he sang how in divers ways they wasted the lofty city, but of Odysseus, how he went like Ares to the house of Deiphobus together with godlike Menelaus. Does the story between Ares and Aphrodite relate at all to Odysseus and is it a foreshadowing to a future event? Book 17. But we don't: Homer lets us know right away that Odysseus is being held as a (willing) sex captive on the island of the goddess Kalypso. Filled were the porticoes and courts and rooms with the men that gathered, for many there were, both young and old. But when they had put from them the desire of food and drink, the Muse moved the minstrel to sing of the glorious deeds of warriors, from that lay the fame whereof had then reached broad heaven, even the quarrel of Odysseus and Achilles, son of Peleus, how once they strove with furious words at a rich feast of the gods, and Agamemnon, king of men, was glad at heart that the best of the Achaeans were quarrelling; for thus Phoebus Apollo, in giving his response, had told him that it should be, in sacred Pytho, when he passed over the threshold of stone to enquire of the oracle. Then at length they learned that there was no more escaping.And near to them came the famous god of the two strong arms, having turned back before he reached the land of Lemnos; for Helius had kept watch for him and had brought him word. Book 3. Then with a lighter heart he spoke among the Phaeacians: “Reach this now, young men; and presently, methinks, I will send another after it, as far or even further. Book 20. This with a whirl he sent from his stout hand, and the stone hummed as it flew; and down they crouched to the earth, the Phaeacians of the long oars, men famed for their ships, beneath the rush of the stone. Did some kinsman of thine fall before Ilios, some good, true man, thy daughter's husband or thy wife's father, such as are nearest to one after one's own kin and blood? So they two went to the couch, and lay them down to sleep, and about them clung the cunning bonds of the wise Hephaestus, nor could they in any wise stir their limbs or raise them up. Then stood up masters of the lists, nine in all, men chosen from out the people, who in their gatherings were wont to order all things aright. The grief is a mixture of the honorable and the dishonorable (self-pity is not an honorable reason for tears). THE ODYSSEY TRANSLATED BY Robert Fagles . Foolish is that man and worthless, who challenges to a contest the host who receives him in a strange land; he does but mar his own fortunes. Athena & Telemachus Book 13. And let one go straightway and fetch for Demodocus the clear-toned lyre which lies somewhere in our halls.”. Book 12. Wherefore great Eurytus died soon, nor did old age come upon him in his halls, for Apollo waxed wroth and slew him, because he had challenged him to a contest with the bow. For a statement about copyright, publication details, and a Table of Contents for this translation of the Odyssey, please use this link: Odyssey, Table of Contents Find more lesson plans like this: The Odyssey: Greek Epic Clip makes it super easy to turn any public video into a formative assessment activity in your classroom. Alcinous wakes at dawn and calls the assembly of old men. He takes up the discus and throws it farther than any other competitor; Odysseus gets his fill of praise when he displays his strength. From the peg the herald hung the clear-toned lyre, and took Demodocus by the hand, and led him forth from the hall, guiding him by the self-same road by which the others, the nobles of the Phaeacians, had gone to gaze upon the games. The Odyssey book 8. Gravity. Now when the child of morning, rosy-fingered Dawn, appeared, Alcinous and Ulysses both rose, and Alcinous led the way to the Phaeacian place of assembly, which was near the ships. He said that someday, as a well-built ship of the Phaeacians was returning from a convoy over the misty deep, Poseidon would smite her and would fling a great mountain about our city. And with the spear I throw farther than any other man can shoot with an arrow.  Then the herald drew near, leading the good minstrel, whom the Muse loved above all other men, and gave him both good and evil; of his sight she deprived him, but gave him the gift of sweet song. Thou hast stirred the spirit in my breast by speaking thus unmannerly. The texts are the property of their respective authors and we thank them for giving us the opportunity to share for free to students, teachers and users of the Web their texts will used only for illustrative educational and scientific purposes only. And Ares departed to Thrace, but she, the laughter-loving Aphrodite, went to Cyprus, to Paphos, where is her demesne and fragrant altar. Alcinous tells the assembly that the traveler has appealed to them for passage home. He urges that he be sent on his way, and prays for assurance, and let us on our part, as of old we were wont, speed on his sending; for verily no man soever who comes to my house, abides here long in sorrow for lack of sending. jeesharu. Then forthwith the housewife bade himgo to the bath and bathe; and his heart was glad when he saw the warm bath, for he had not been wont to have such tendance from the time that he left the house of faired-haired Calypso, but until then he had tendance continually as a god. Book 22. Interactive video lesson plan for: Epic Simile The Odyssey Book 8 [as a woman weeps] Activity overview: Common Core ELA - Literature Grades 9-10: Standards. And when Hephaestus heard the grievous tale, he went his way to his smithy, pondering evil in the deep of his heart, and set on the anvil block the great anvil and forged bonds which might not be broken or loosed, that the lovers might bide fast where they were. But when they had put from them the desire of food and drink, then to Demodocus said Odysseus of many wiles: “Demodocus, verily above all mortal men do I praise thee, whether it was the Muse, the daughter of Zeus, that taught thee, or Apollo; for well and truly dost thou sing of the fate of the Achaeans, all that they wrought and suffered, and all the toils they endured, as though haply thou hadst thyself been present, or hadst heard the tale from another. Bk VIII:1-61 The Phaeacians ready a ship . As soon as rosy-fingered Dawn appeared, royal Alcinous left his bed, and so did Odysseus, scion of Zeus, sacker of cities.Then royal Alcinous led the way to the Phaeaciansâ gathering place, laid out there by the ships. Edit.  So she spoke, and the much-enduring goodly Odysseus was glad, rejoicing that he saw a true friend in the lists. And let Euryalus make amends to the stranger himself with words and with a gift, for the word that he spoke was in no wise seemly.”,  So he spoke, and they all praised his words and bade that so it should be, and sent forth every man a herald to fetch the gifts. The episode resembles Odysseus's encounter with the Cyclops, whom he defeats using cunning despite his inferior strength. 83% average accuracy. Test. Choose from 500 different sets of the odyssey book 8 flashcards on Quizlet. So they put forth their hands to the good cheer lying ready before them. Fate, the Gods, and Free Will. Revised Edition 2019 . Penelope & the Suitors, Odysseus' Tale: Aeolus, Laestrygones & Circe,  As soon as early Dawn appeared, the rosy-fingered, the strong and mighty Alcinous rose from his couch, and up rose also Zeus-born Odysseus, the sacker of cities. 9th - 12th grade. And Nausicaa, gifted with beauty by the gods, stood by the door-post of the well-built hall, and she marvelled at Odysseus, as her eyes beheld him, and she spoke, and addressed him with winged words: “Farewell, stranger, and hereafter even in thy own native land mayest thou remember me, for to me first thou owest the price of thy life.”,  Then Odysseus of many wiles answered her:“Nausicaa, daughter of great-hearted Alcinous, so may Zeus grant, the loud-thundering lord of Here, that I may reach my home and see the day of my returning. Then to Arete spoke the mighty Alcinous: “Bring hither, wife, a goodly chest, the best thou hast, and thyself place in it a newly-washed cloak and tunic; and do ye heat for the stranger a cauldron on the fire, and warm water, that when he has bathed and has seen well bestowed all the gifts which the noble Phaeacians have brought hither, he may take pleasure in the feast, and in hearing the strains of the song. So true is it that the gods do not give gracious gifts to all alike, not form nor mind nor eloquence. Book 9. For to my mind there is naught worse than the sea to confound a man, be he never so strong.”,  And Euryalus in turn answered him, and said: “Laodamas, this word of thine is right fitly spoken.  "Tell me the name by which they were wont to call thee in thy home, even thy mother and thy father and other folk besides, thy townsmen and the dwellers round about. Nay, come, make trial, and cast away care from thy heart. This the gods wrought, and spun the skein of ruin for men, that there might be a song for those yet to be born. From the creators of SparkNotes, something better. In the foot race alone I fear that someone of the Phaeacians may out strip me, for cruelly have I been broken amid the many waves, since there was in my ship no lasting store of provisions; therefore my limbs are loosened.”,  So he spoke and they were all hushed in silence; but Alcinous alone answered him and said: “Stranger, since not ungraciously dost thou speak thus in our midst, but art minded to shew forth the prowess which waits upon thee, in anger that yonder man came up to thee in the lists and taunted thee in a way in which no mortal would make light of thy prowess, who knew in his heart how to speak fitly; come, now, hearken to my words, that thou mayest tell to another hero, when in thy halls thou art feasting with thy wife and children, and rememberest our skill, what feats Zeus has vouchsafed to us from our fathers' days even until now. Athena rouses them to get up and go to the assembly. He then moved into the midst, and around him stood boys in the first bloom of youth, well skilled in the dance, and they smote the goodly dancing floor with their feet. And now they were serving out portions and mixing the wine. Then will I even there pray to thee as to a god all my days, for thou, maiden, hast given me life.”,  He spoke, and sat down on a chair beside king Alcinous. The Odyssey is Homer's epic of Odysseus' 10-year struggle to return home after the Trojan War. In no wise does he lack aught of the strength of youth, but he has been broken by many troubles. But when they had tried their skill in throwing the ball straight up, the two fell to dancing on the bounteous earth, ever tossing the ball to and fro, and the other youths stood in the lists and beat time, and thereat a great din arose. This song the famous minstrel sang; and Odysseus was glad at heart as he listened, and so too were the Phaeacians of the long oars, men famed for their ships. She makes Odysseus look more lordly and everyone is impressed when he arrives. While Odysseus battles mystical creatures and faces the wrath of the gods, his wife Penelope and his son Telemachus stave off suitors vying for Penelope's hand and Ithaca's throne long enough for Odysseus to return. A side-by-side modern translation of it stood, while the people talked as! He sang how the sons of the mind: they are invisible and fine but strong... Definitely the most recent Homeric research heart, and they clothed her lovely. That entertains him and the sun set, and the herald rose to fetch hollow. To a man whose wits have never so short a range gathered, for many there were, both and. Transport Ulysses into his country get enough of your charts and their have... Despite his inferior strength to thy heart, and fierce anger seized.... Does the story between Ares and Aphrodite relate at all times, British,. 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