Magnolia acuminata Cucumbertree Magnolia Magnoliaceae. 1759. Portland, Oregon:Timber Press, White, D.J. 9. acuminata : a long point, the leaves. 'Butterflies' is a hybrid Magnolia resulting from a cross between M. acuminata and M. denudata. The leaves have nice yellow-gold fall color. Magnolia virginiana: Flower and fruit: Three-inch flowers are yellow-green and blend with new foliage. 1759. The distinctive, thin leaf has a sharply pointed end. Magnolia ‘Elizabeth’ Introduced: 1977 Cross: M. acuminata and M. denudata Locations at BBG: Western edge of Magnolia Plaza, near Daffodil Hill; Osborne Garden. Magnolia, Cucumbertree. The flowers of the magnolia species come in different colors. Handcolored stipple engraving from a botanical illustration by Pancrace Bessa, engraved on copper by Gabriel, from Francois Andre Michaux's 'North American Sylva,' Philadelphia, 1857. Magnolia acuminata has been used in hybridizing new varieties that share its yellow flower color and cold hardiness. cucumber tree magnolia, a North American native) has a later bloom season (Mid-to-late spring) which gives it a better resistance to damage from late frosts; M. denudata (a.k.a. Magnolia acuminata, commonly called the cucumber tree (often spelled as a single word "cucumbertree"), cucumber magnolia or blue magnolia, is one of the largest magnolias, and one of the cold-hardiest. They are tricky to transplant due to their coarse, fleshy root system and should be planted shallow and moved in early spring with a good soil ball. This is because the three-inch long flowers are yellow-green in hue and tend to blend in with the trees foliage. In all scenarios, it will add outstanding interest to the spring landscape, in your flower beds, as a border plant or grown as a flowering tree or hedge. This is a deciduous magnolia that produces slightly-fragrant, greenish-yellow, tulip-like flowers (2-4” long) at the twig tips in late spring, but is named for the green, warty, cucumber-like fruits (seedcones) that follow the flowers. Slightly smaller and bushier than M. acuminata, not as hardy, yellow flowers in spring and summer. Unusually, this magnolia prefers a shaded position, compared to most other magnolias, which like a combination of full sun and partial shade. Salem, Oregon: Bush Prairie Park, in garden east of Bush House. A site produced by the International Dendrology Society. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Magnolia acuminata acuminata Big tree, native to North America. Trunk diameter of mature trees can reach 3-4’, with furrowed dark gray-brown bark. The immature green fruit resembles a … Feedback. Add this stunning tree to your landscape with the variety from Willis Orchards! Basionym: Magnolia virginiana Linnaeus, var. 2.magnolia acuminata When you stop to think about it, crossing any yellow flower with a pink one is very likely to produce something which is brown or even worse. ... this smaller variant of M. acuminata features more glossy leaves with pubescence on the undersides. Magnolia acuminata, commonly known as cucumber tree, is native to eastern North America, reaching its largest size in the southern Appalachian Mountains. Small: Classification. (2000). There are also numerous disconnected outlying populations through much of the southeastern U.S., and a few small populations in Southern Ontario. Magnolia tripetala: leaves crowded near tip of branchlets, flowers somewhat malodorous, with cream-white tepals 8–12 cm long, and winter buds glabrous (vs. M. acuminata, with leaves scattered along the branchlets, flowers pleasantly aromatic, with green-white tepals up to 8 cm long, and winter buds pubescent). Magnolia Acuminata is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a medium rate. Sections of timber from The American Woods, 1880 accession (#15154*D), Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University, For other trees with the shared common name cucumber tree, see, Sternberg, G., & Wilson, J. One of the few magnolias that will serve as a shade or lawn tree. Best grown in moist, organically rich, well-drained loams in full sun to part shade. Unlike most magnolias, this tree often produces respectable fall color (gold).Genus name honors Pierre Magnol, French botanist (1638-1715).Specific epithet means pointed at the tip. The specific epithet, acuminata, refers to the cucumbertree's pointed leaf tips. Needs a large space. It is in flower from May to July. The flowers are primrose-yellow, in late spring. Forms a small shade tree. Cucumber tree is a straight-trunked tree that typically grows 40-70’ (less frequently to 100’) tall with a pyramidal crown. The blooms are sweetly scented with a fragrance reminiscent of anise, giving the tree its common name, though it is also sometimes known as the willow-leafed magnolia, due to the willow-like foliage. long (5-10 cm), open with the emerging leaves on mature trees (at least 12 years old). (2004). acuminata Linnaeus 1753. It is the only magnolia that is native to Missouri where it typically occurs in moist soils in wooded valleys, bluff bases and thickets along the Mississippi River in the far southern part of the state (Steyermark). A hybrid of Magnolia acuminata and M. liliiflora; with large 4" flowers that are a mix of green, yellow, pink and purple and possibly tan. +Enlarge. In the timber trade, the wood of this tree is interchangeable with that of the related tuliptree (Liriodendron tulipifera). Held upright, each sunny bloom counts up to 6 tepals and may last up to 3 weeks. Magnolia ‘Yellow Bird’ has deeper yellow flowers but is pretty leafy when it blooms. Magnolia acuminata 'Yellow Bird' Sku #6019 Bright canary yellow 3 1/2 inch flowers appear more dependably since they emerge with the foliage late in the spring after the danger of frosts. The ivory chalice shown below is a cross between a Magnolia acuminata and a Magnolia denudata. Magnolia Acuminata 'Blue Opal' from Burncoose Nurseries available online to buy - Information: spectacular blue buds turn dark yellow as they open. Perfect, slightly fragrant greenish-yellow flowers bloom high upon the tree in May to early June with pinkish red fruit resembling a cucumber. Magnolia acuminata L.. Cucumbertree. Masses of goblet-shaped, lemon-yellow flowers, 3 in. This tall magnolia makes a fine specimen and shade tree; thus, many cultivars have been bred. Citation: MAGNOLIA ACUMINATA (Linnaeus) Linnaeus, Syst. To avoid damage from pollinating beetles, the carpels of Magnolia flowers are extremely tough. In late spring to early summer, tulip-shaped, slightly fragrant, yellowish-green flowers, 2-4 in. Magnolia acuminata (Cucumber Tree) – This is a very large native tree (50 to 70 feet tall, 40 to 60 feet wide). Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Magnolia, Cucumber Magnolia (Magnolia acuminata) supplied by member gardeners in the PlantFiles database at Dave's Garden. Magnolia acuminata. Its 6-12 inch long (0.3 m) leaves are scattered along the branches, and its large, white flowers have a pleasant fragrance. H. Clay Smith. cucumbertree Magnoliaceae Magnolia acuminata (L.) L. symbol: MAAC. It is a tree that tends to occur singly as scattered specimens, rather than in groves.. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. It is a tree that tends to occur singly as scattered specimens, rather than in groves. Ovate, yellow-green leaves (to 10” long) are, as the specific epithet suggests, pointed at the tip (acuminate), but not classic narrow-tapering acuminate form. ‘Butterflies’ is a deciduous hybrid magnolia resulting from a cross between M. acuminata (seed parent) and M. denudata (pollen parent). He crossed the yulan, Magnolia denudata, with the mu-lan, Magnolia liliiflora. It is back-crossed with the Missouri native Cucumbertree (Magnolia acuminata), the parent of ALL yellow-flowering magnolias as it’s the only species with yellow pigment. 11. They grow best in deep, moist, well-drained soils that are slightly acidicalthough they are toler… 'Variegata' Leaves handsomely blotched with golden yellow. Cone-like fruits mature to a showy red in late summer, releasing individual red coated seeds suspended on slender threads at maturity. It flowers after the acuminata x denudata hybrid 'Elizabeth' ---- hence the name. Buds have silky, pale green hairs. In cultivation, they typically only grow 15–20 m (49–66 ft) tall, although they reach over 30 m (98 ft) in ideal forest situations. It is noted for its non-fading yellow flowers, late vegetative growth, compact pyramidal form and hardiness to both heat and cold. It is reported to be very free-flowering (Rhododendrons 1984/5, p. 51, reprinted from Plants and Gardens, Vol. Magnolia: after Pierre Magnol (1638-1715), professor of botany at Montpellier. The flowers are 'V' shaped and cream-colored near the top and streaked with purplish-red near the base. The name Cucumber Tree refers to the unripe fruit, which is green and often shaped like a small cucumber; the fruit matures to a dark red color and is 6–8 cm long and 4 cm broad, with the individual carpels splitting open to release the bright red seeds, 10-60 per fruit. Immaturecompound fruits are green and scaly in appearance, while maturecompound fruits are orange-red to red and more irregularly shaped. They come in two forms, acuminate at both ends, or moderately cordate at the base (these are usually only formed high in the tree). It is the only magnolia that is native to Missouri where it typically occurs in moist soils in wooded valleys, bluff bases and thickets along the Mississippi River in the far southern part of the state (Steyermark). Cucumbertree (Magnolia acuminata), also called cucumber magnolia, yellow cucumbertree, yellow-flower magnolia, and mountain magnolia, is the most widespread and hardiest of the eight native magnolia species in the United States, and the only magnolia native to Canada. This is a unique colour in the magnolia world. Regarded as one of the best yellow-flowered Magnolias, Magnolia 'Yellow Bird' is an upright, conical to pyramidal, deciduous shrub or tree of breathtaking beauty when in full bloom. Leaves are alternate, simple, and dark green. Mountain Magnolia ... pubescent, covered (as with all magnolias) by a single keeled scale. However, its thin bark makes it vulnerable to injury. Cucumber tree magnolias (Magnolia acuminata) are hardy varietals grown more for their foliage rather than their blooms. Expand. Magnolia acuminata. Habitat. ‘Brenas’ has deep yellow flowers, ‘Koban Dori’ is canary yellow, and M. acuminata subcordata has big flowers with a lemony fragrance. 35 (4)). 10. Magnolia from Burncoose Nurseries - Page 1 Varieties of Magnolia available to buy include the following: MAGNOLIA acuminata 'Blue Opal' ,MAGNOLIA acuminata 'Honey Liz' ,MAGNOLIA acuminata 'Koban Dori' ,MAG ... Plants by mail order since 1984, over 4100 plants online today! The leaves of Magnolia acuminata are pointed at the tip and provide it with its name - 'acuminate' means tapering to a fine point. Magnolia acuminata L.. Cucumbertree. Magnolia ‘Elizabeth’, also bred by Dr. Sperber, was the first precocious yellow-flowering magnolia. Fast forward to the 1950s. Leaves may scorch during summer in dry sites. Leaf: Alternate, simple, elliptical or ovate, 6 to 10 inches long, pinnately veined, entire margin, acuminate tip, dark green above and paler, whitened below. subcordata (Spach) Dandy: MACO23: Magnolia cordata Michx. Magnolias are resistant to most diseases and pests. 13.07.2019 - Details about Magnolia Acuminata – Yellow Flower – Rare Tropical Plant Tree Seeds (10) Magnolia Acuminata – Gelbe Blume – seltene tropische Pflanze Baumsamen (10) The video shows how to grow magnolia tree from cuttings in a pot. Flower, leaf and cone of the cucumber tree, Magnolia acuminata. Magnolia acuminata, or Cucumber tree, is a handsome tree with a rounded, outline and massive wide-spreading branches at maturity. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Beetles. According to some studies, species such as Magnolia Grandiflora appeared on Earth around 5 million years ago. Citation: MAGNOLIA ACUMINATA (Linnaeus) Linnaeus, Syst. Grows with an upright, pyramidal habit up to 25-30 ft. tall (7-9 m) and 10-15 ft. wide (3-5 m) The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. It has small, inconspicuous flowers, light green leaves (6 to 10 inches long) and unusual cucumber-shaped fruit, which turns from a bright green to red in autumn. magnolia acuminata flower extract extract of the flowers of the mmagnolia, magnolia acuminata l., magnoliaceae Supplier Sponsors This is a deciduous magnolia that produces slightly-fragrant, greenish-yellow, tulip-like flowers (2-4” long) at the twig tips in late spring, but is named for the green, warty, cucumber-like fruits (seedcones) that follow the flowers. Flower: Species is monoecious; 2 1/2 to 3 inches long, high in the tree, green to greenish-yellow, appearing in late spring or early summer. ", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Magnolia_acuminata&oldid=980122461, Trees of the Great Lakes region (North America), Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 September 2020, at 18:48. English name: Cucumber tree, Blue magnolia. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. The Cucumber Magnolia also known as the Yellow Magnolia develops a pyramidal shape with broad spreading branches reaching 50-80 ft. and produces a slightly fragrant greenish yellow flower in the Spring that shows a small knobby fruit resembling a cucumber with pinkish red seeds. A Magnolia acuminata flower, photographed at the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh in late May 2017. The ripe fruit is a striking reddish orange color. Cucumber-Tree is a deciduous medium-sized tree common in the Mountains, rare in the Piedmont of North Carolina. They can become quite massive: the United States national (and presumed world) champion in Stark County, Ohio measures eight feet (2.4 m) in diameter and 96 ft (29 m) tall. Intolerant of most urban pollutants. The leaves are similar to other deciduous Magnolias, particularly the Umbrella-Tree (Magnolia tripetala), but are a bit shorter, more broadly ovate, thicker, and are not clustered at the ends of branches.. Alleghany Co., NC 5/31/2009. The stems are also more hairy than the species. Basionym: Magnolia virginiana Linnaeus, var. Cucumber trees are excellent shade trees for parks and gardens, though they are not recommended for use as street trees. These trees are stately as adults, especially when the lower limbs have been pruned to prevent them from dragging. The leaves are deciduous simple and alternate, oval to oblong, 12–25 cm long and 6–12 cm wide, with smooth margins and downy on the underside.
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